October, 2017


Mini Review

Antimicrobial Peptides: A Potential Therapeutic Option for Surgical Site Infections

Surgical Site Infections (SSI) represents one of the most common hospital-associated infections worldwide, and many cases of SSI are due to multidrug-resistant bacteria with the propensity to attach to tissues and form biofilm on post-surgical sites.

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Letter to Editor

Computational Models of Pancreatic Cancer

There have been significant efforts recently to bring the knowledge and methods used in physical sciences into oncology, in an effort to improve the outcomes for patients with malignancies.

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Editorial

Local Ablative Treatment in Oligometastatic Prostate Carcinoma

Aggressive local treatment approaches in oligometastatic prostate carcinoma is one of today’s most important topic in prostate cancer treatment algorithm.

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Mini Review

Bertolotti’s Syndrome and Its Management; Pain Physician Perspective -A Brief Review

Low Back Pain (LBP) is multifactorial and often challenging for definitive diagnosis and successful treatment.

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Editorial

Retinal Examınatıon for Plaque Burden

A recent article authored by an experienced team of authors suggests that retinal amyloid burden is correlated with brain amyloid burden in Alzheimer’s Disease (AD).

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Clinical Image

Lingual Thyroid

Lingual thyroid is an ectopic thyroid tissue seen in base of tongue arising due to failure of descends of medial anlage of thyroid gland from base of tongue to its normal position in front of trachea during embryonic development [1].

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Mini Review

Use of Laparoscopic Hysterectomy in the Treatment of Benign and Malignant Gynecological Disease

The history of laparoscopic surgery in gynaecological diseases progressed with the advances of Semm, as well as with the development of tools, equipment, and energy that led to its development in all surgical areas, including oncology.

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Mini Review

Nanotechnology in Urology- Is Small the New Big?

Nanotechnology, implying the engineering of miniscule molecules, of the sizes of 1 nm – 1000 nm, to effect macromolecular changes in various fields of human life, so as to bring about betterment in the quality of human lives, has garnered tremendous interest worldwide.

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Clinical Image

Nonrecurrent Laryngeal Nerve with Bulky Central and Lateral Compartment Lymph Nodes: Too Much to Handle

A nonrecurrent laryngeal nerve is an embryological error that has to be always kept in mind to prevent accidental injury to it during surgery.

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Clinical Image

What next for Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS)?

In their quest for safer surgery and better outcomes for their patients, glaucoma surgeons in many parts of the world have increasingly embraced Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS) procedures.

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Clinical Image

Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt in the Scrotum? Rare but Possible!

A 2-year-old male child with right Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion for obstructive hydrocephalous at 3 months age presented with left scrotal swelling since 2 months.

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Case Report

Inferior Vana Cava Occlusion Revascularization: Case Report

This case illustrates management of a patient with disabling symptoms from Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) filter occlusion.

Published 16 Nov, 2017


Research Article

Minimally Invasive Treatment of Penetrating Thoracic Injuries at a National Trauma Centre - Introduction of an Algorithm and Conduct of a Proof-of-concept Study

Introduction: The minimally invasive approach of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has become standard practice in thoracic surgery.

Published 15 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Type B Aortic Dissection; Current Updates and Perspectives

Currently, emergent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is considered the treatment of choice for complicated acute type B aortic dissection, while there is growing support for its use in treating uncomplicated acute and chronic type B aortic dissection [1].

Published 15 Nov, 2017


Research Article

Changes in Patient Reported Nipple Sensation after Superomedial Pedicle Reduction Mammaplasty in the Early Postoperative Period

Background: The sensitivity of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) is important to patients undergoing reduction mammaplasty and is frequently altered postoperatively.

Published 15 Nov, 2017


Research Article

Variable Presentations of Mesenteric and Omental Cysts in Infancy and Childhood: Long-Term Follow-Up

Background/Purpose: Mesenteric and omental cysts are rare intra-abdominal pathology.

Published 15 Nov, 2017


Research Article

Career Choices of Residents Leaving General Surgery: What Do the Residents Say?

Background: General surgery has the highest rate of attrition of all residency programs.

Published 09 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Long Term Survival after Surgery for Ampullary Carcinoma: Case Report and Short Review of Literature

Ampullary Carcinoma is a distinct type amongst the four subsites of Periampullary Carcinoma due to its good biological behaviour.

Published 09 Nov, 2017


Research Article

How Can We Attract More Medical Students to General Surgery Residencies? A Study of Medical Student Evaluations of a General Surgery Clerkship for 10 Years: 2005-2015

Background: Medical student interest in general surgery has been declining for over three decades leading to projections of future surgeon shortages and decreased quality of surgical applicants.

Published 09 Nov, 2017


Research Article

Oncologic Considerations for Timing of Breast Reconstruction and Prophylactic Mastectomy in Breast Cancer Patients

Background: In an era of more conservative breast cancer treatment, a recent trend has led to an increased rate of mastectomy as risk-reduction surgery or as a component of achieving symmetry in reconstruction.

Published 09 Nov, 2017


Research Article

Why Do Residents Quit General Surgery Residencies? A Study of 789 Graduates from 3 Campuses Who Matched into General Surgery over 40 Years: 1974 to 2015

Background: General Surgery has the highest rate of attrition of all medical and surgical residencies.

Published 09 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Malignant Esophagorespiratory Fistula: A Challenge…

The malignant esophagorespiratory fistula is a communication between the upper digestive tract and the respiratory system, secondary to tumor invasion through the wall of the esophagus and trachea or bronchus.

Published 06 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Pneumopathy during Pregnancy

A 31-years old female, with thrombogenic Leyden Factor V, who smoked 5 cigarettes/day from 15 to 25 years.

Published 06 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Hybrid Revascularization in the Treatment of Aorto Iliac and Femoral Occlusive Disease

Endovascular procedures have been widely growing in recent years and, in spite of the actual indications of the international society guidelines, have become the first choice also for aortoiliac TASC II C/D lesions because of excellent results in terms of low perioperative mortality and morbidity rates and of good long-term primary and secondary patency [1,2].

Published 03 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Prevention and Management of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Injury Caused by Mandibular Third Molar Removal

Tooth extraction, as the ultimate dental treatment mostly, is a commonest surgical procedure carried out by the oral surgeon. Reasons for tooth extraction vary with the dental treatment and dental habit, education condition, economic level and so on [1,2].

Published 03 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

How to Learn Gynecological Surgery?

During the last decade surgical education using the classical learning-by doing apprenticeship model in real patients came under criticism for ethical and practical factors.

Published 03 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Resolution of a Large Cysteine Stone with Medical Therapy

Recently an 8-month-old baby presented with irritability, an ultrasonography (US) of abdomen revealed a large Size renal stone (19 mm) located in lower pole of left kidney.

Published 03 Nov, 2017


Case Report

Lateral Forehead Flap: A Reliable Flap in Difficult Conditions

Introduction: Complex orofacial defects pose a difficult problem for reconstructive surgeon.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Clinical Image

Prosthetic Graft Occlusion Caused by Anastomotic Pseudoaneurysm

A 61-year-old man who had undergone total arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk (FET) for acute type A aortic dissection (Figure 1A: 3D-image) was transferred complaining of severe abdominal and leg pain.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Eversion Carotid Endarterectomy with Absorbable Suture

Major problem of the late results in arterial repair is the problem of remote restenosis.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Case Report

Diagnosis and Management of an Isolated Tracheal Gunshot Wound

Penetrating trauma to the intrathoracic tracheobronchial tree continues to present a unique and challenging emergency.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Partial Nephrectomy for Clinical T2 Renal Tumors: Current Evidence in Perspective

Renal tumor is one of the most important urological malignancies with a rising worldwide incidence.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Marijuana and Sexual Function: The Great Unknown Editorial for Sexual Medicine Reviews

Marijuana is the plant that produces cannabis and its active ingredient tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Case Report

An Unusual Case of Circumferential Peyronie's Disease

Peyronie’s disease is a rare connective tissue disorder. We report the case of a 60 year old male, who came to us with circumferential peyronie’s disease plaque involving both the corpora cavernosum.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Research Article

Incidental Ingestion of Rare-Earth Magnet Toys: A Disappearing Complication

Purpose: Newly released toys made of small but powerful magnets, made of Rare-Earth Magnets (REM), could easily be obtained in South Africa.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Case Report

Keloid on the Penis after Circumcision: A Rare Complication

Keloids are defined as scars that extend beyond the borders of the original wound, do not regress spontaneously and tend to recur following excision.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Case Report

Primitive Squamous-Cell Carcinoma of the Pleura in a Patient Exposed to Asbestos

This report describes an unusual case of primary carcinoma of the pleura in a patient occupationally exposed to asbestos.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Research Article

Clinical Implication of Non-Complement-Binding Donor-Specific Anti-HLA Antibodies in Heart Transplant Recipients -Risk Stratification by C1q-Binding Capacity

Background: The development of de novo human leukocyte antigen (HLA) donor specific antibodies (DSA), detected by either cytotoxic or solid phase assays, was considered the major risk factor for cardiac graft failure in heart transplantation.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Short Communication

Scarless Breast Reduction with Laser Assisted Liposuction

Traditional breast reduction and accompanying ptosis correction procedures use various incisions, and pedicles to form a smaller and lifted breast.

Published 02 Nov, 2017


Review Article

Laparoscopic Hysterectomy and Tissue Morcellation

In order to avoid larger abdominal incisions or colpotomy uterine power morcellation has been a challenging field of discussions also at hysterectomies with many contradictory issues.

Published 02 Nov, 2017






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