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Editorial

Editorial: Clinics in Surgery-Otolaryngology

In the first Esteban-Sanchez and Martin-Sanz from Spain have investigated the use of vestibular myogenic potentials (VEMPs) and electrocochleography (EcohG) as adjunctive tests to the radiological diagnosis of superior canal dehiscence (SCD) or inner third window syndrome, a condition first recognized by Lloyd minor in 1998.

Published 30 Dec, 2016


Research Article

An Enrichment of Medical Students Clinical Experience: The Summer Scholars Program in Cardiothoracic Surgery

Importance: Producing more cardiothoracic surgeons is imperative to relieving the shortage of cardiothoracic surgeons.

Published 30 Dec, 2016


Review Article

Triple Negative Breast Cancer: What Surgeons Should Know

Breast cancer has been classified into different subgroups with discrete tumor behavior, prognosis and therapeutic approaches.

Published 30 Dec, 2016


Research Article

Isolated Chemotherapeutic Perfusion as Neoadjuvant Therapy for Advanced/Unresectable Pelvic Malignancy

Introduction: Previous chemo radiation (CRT) usually precludes neoadjuvant therapy for advanced pelvic malignancy.

Published 30 Dec, 2016


Editorial

Endoscopic-Vacuum-Therapy in Esophgageous Perforations and Anastomotic Leakages after Esophagectomy. The Best Treatment Option to Solve a Major Complication in Upper GI-Surgery?

Anastomotic leakages and esophageous perforations remain to be severe complications of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

Published 30 Dec, 2016


Review Article

Ulcerative Colitis and the Surgeon

Patients of ulcerative colitis are mostly managed by physicians. Surgeons play a very pivotal role in curative treatment and in dealing with complications of ulcerative colitis.

Published 30 Dec, 2016


Research Article

The Predictive Value of the Modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (Mgps) in Determining Outcome Following Elective Colorectal Cancer Surgery

Background: The mGPS (modified Glasgow Prognostic Score) provides a measure of systemic inflammation in patients with cancer, based on C-reactive protein (CRP) and Albumin.

Published 30 Dec, 2016


Research Article

The PEAK Plasma Blade may Reduce Postoperative Analgesic Medication use in Breast Cancer Surgery

Objective: Postoperative wound pain is one of common problems in modern breast surgery. With a lower energy spread, Plasma Blade potentially induces less tissue damage.

Published 30 Dec, 2016


Review Article

Patient-Derived Xenografts use in Cancer: A Review

Cell line based disease modeling, with its homogeneity and transformations caused by years of growth in petri dishes, has been underwhelming with limited information found using them successfully translating to patient care.

Published 30 Dec, 2016


Case Report

Sclerotherapy and Resection of a Giant Lymphatic Malformation of the Head in a Neonate

Lymphatic malformations, sometimes referred to as “lymphangiomas” are composed of malformed, dilated lymphatic channels.

Published 30 Dec, 2016


Case Report

Tension Pneumothorax in Contralateral Lung during Left Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) Upper Lobectomy

A Contralateral pneumothorax during surgery is a life=threatening emergency.

Published 29 Dec, 2016


Clinical Image

Late Spontaneous Dehiscence and Embolism of Mechanical Aortic Valve

A 52-year-old male presented with chest tightness, sudden collapse and pulmonary oedema 25 years following mechanical aortic valve replacement.

Published 29 Dec, 2016


Case Report

Concurrent Baylisascaris Procyonis and Varicella Zoster Virus Infection in a Child with Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase Deficiency

Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase (PNP) is a ubiquitous enzyme that plays a role in purine metabolism, with the highest expression levels found in lymphocytes.

Published 29 Dec, 2016


Research Article

Pancreatic Transection with Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator versus Electrocautery in Pancreaticoduodenectomy for Prevention of Postoperative Pancreatic Fistula

Background: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) still remains a major cause of morbidity after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).

Published 28 Dec, 2016


Research Article

The Anatomical Basis of the Lumbar Artery Perforator Flap: A Cadaveric and Computer Tomography Angiogram Study

Background: Lumbar skin flaps based on cutaneous perforators arising from the lumbar artery have been described for coverage of lumbosacral defects and as free flaps for autologous breast reconstruction.

Published 28 Dec, 2016


Editorial

Editorial for the Inaugural Issue: Clinics in Surgery

I am honored to launch the inaugural issue of our new online publication Clinics in Surgery.

Published 28 Dec, 2016


Review Article

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery vs. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Current Status

Both coronary artery bypass surgery and percutaneous interventions are competing for numerouno position for coronary revascularisation.

Published 28 Dec, 2016


Review Article

Two Field versus three Field Lymphadenectomy in Carcinoma Esophagus: Current Perspectives

The extent of lymphadenectomy in curative resection for esophageal cancer can be a standard 2-field, extended 2-field or a 3-field lymphadenectomy.

Published 28 Dec, 2016


Research Article

As the Population is Aging the Surgical Care Model Needs Refreshment: Implementation of a Vasculogeriatric Service for Vascular Surgical Patients in Australia

Introduction: Vascular surgical patients are elderly with multiple, significant co-morbidities requiring multi- specialist management.

Published 28 Dec, 2016


Research Article

Pre-Operative MRI Exhibits Limited Utility in Axillary Staging for Breast Cancer

Introduction: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is commonly utilized in treatment planning for breast cancer patients.

Published 27 Dec, 2016


Research Article

Toward Understanding Culture and Judgment in an Academic Surgical Department with Assessments using the Competing Values Framework and Hartman Value Profile: A Case Study

Background: Understanding both the culture of an organization and its members’ judgment can enhance a leader’s ability to meet the organization’s goals.

Published 27 Dec, 2016


Research Article

Preoperative Indicators of Poor Outcome in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer at a County Hospital

Background: Locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) is associated with high rates of both local and metastatic recurrence.

Published 27 Dec, 2016


Case Report

Surgical Management of Primary Cutaneous Mucinous Carcinoma

Primary cutaneous mucinous carcinoma (PCMC) is a rare non-melanoma skin cancer that most commonly presents in the face.

Published 27 Dec, 2016


Research Article

Pathogenic Mechanisms for Spermatocele and Epididymal Cyst Formation

Introduction: Spermatoceles (SC) and Epididymal Cysts (EC) are commonly diagnosed with the onset of symptoms or more often as incidental sonographic findings.

Published 27 Dec, 2016





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