Clin Surg | Volume 7, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Incidence and Risk Factors of Peripherally-Inserted Central Catheter–Related Venous Thromboembolism

Talal A Altuwaijri1*, Dalal I Alhuzaimi2, Fatima S Sirajuddin2, Sarah S AlMutawa2, Hussam Anas1 and Abdulmajeed Altoijry1

1Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
2College of Medicine, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

*Correspondance to: Talal A Altuwaijri 

Fulltext PDF


Objective: To estimate the incidence of Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC)-Related Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) and to evaluate the possible related risk factors. Design: A retrospective cohort study. Settings: King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Subjects: All patients with PICC line inserted from 2015 until 2018. Main outcomes: Incidence of VTE, mechanical, and clinical risk factors. Results: Among 583 patients with PICC line, 72 of them (12.3%) found to have DVT. While pulmonary embolism incidence rate was 0%. Our results suggest that clinical risk factors associated with the development of PICC-related VTE are renal failure, hematological disease, cancer, receipt of chemotherapy, and a prior VTE. However, use of anticoagulants did not appear to decrease the risk of VTE. Conclusion: Our findings have relevant implications for clinical practice. To avoid serious complications, awareness of the risks and benefits of different vascular access devices should be considered when determining their usage in patient care.


Altuwaijri TA, Alhuzaimi DI, Sirajuddin FS, AlMutawa SS, Anas H, Altoijry A. Incidence and Risk Factors of Peripherally-Inserted Central Catheter– Related Venous Thromboembolism. Clin Surg. 2022; 7: 3530..

Subscribe to Our Newsletter