Amina Maria Geibel1*, Harald C Traue2, Margrit-Ann Geibel3* and Lucia Jerg-Bretzke2
1Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Tübingen, Germany
2Department Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Germany
3Department of Dento- and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Ulm, Germany
Purpose: The aim of the survey was to evaluate the digital learning behavior in oral surgery of students of dentistry in Germany and Austria. Correlations between psychological aspects such as personality (TIPI-G) with regard to the use of digital media were to be investigated. Methods: A total of 101 students of dentistry in Ulm and Krems were interviewed. The students were in their 6th, 7th and 8th clinical semester of dentistry. Results: Personality does affect digital learning behavior: Male students displayed a weak negative correlation between the Ten-Item Personality Inventory TIPI-G value “conscientiousness” and the general use of digital media (social networks, online diary). This correlation (r= -0.357) is significant (p=0.011). There is thus a correlation between an increased use of digital media and low values for conscientiousness amongst male students. In contrast, there was a significant (p=0.022), positive correlation (r=0.324) between the TIPI value “conscientiousness” and the “general use of digital media” amongst female students. Consequently, a high level of conscientiousness is related to the increased use of digital media amongst female students. If one considers the scale for the use of analogue teaching formats (books), there is a significant difference (p=0.004) between the two age groups ≤ 23 and >23. The age group of ≤ 23 use more analogue teaching formats than the >23-yearold students. In a direct comparison of the use of digital and analogue teaching formats, an overall increased use of analogue teaching formats can be identified for all students of dentistry who were questioned. It could be shown that the increased use of digital media leads to a more frequent use of digital teaching formats (Internet, apps) amongst all of the students. This positive correlation (r=0.418) was significant (p=0.001). Conclusion: It could be shown that the use of digital media and digital teaching formats is affected by not only the age but also the personality traits (Big Five, TIPI-G) as well as the gender of the student. The integration of digital media in lectures on dentistry and the sensitization of students for this development have to be personalized to achieve their increased use.
Dental education; Digitization in teaching; Gender aspects of digitization
Geibel AM, Traue HC, Geibel M-A, Jerg-Bretzke L. Digitalization in Dental Teaching - Personality Affects Digital Learning Behavior. Clin Surg. 2021; 6: 3336..