Clin Surg | Volume 4, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Impaction of Canine Tooth after Alveolar Bone Graft in Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate: A Systematic Review

Marinho N1, Leyendecker AJr1, De Arruda AJA2, Tanikawa DYS1,3,4, Calasans-Maia M5 and Bueno DF1,3*

1Department of Surgery, Hospital Sírio Libanês, Brazil
2Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
3Department of Surgery, Hospital Municipal Infantil Menino Jesus, Brazil
4Department of Plastic Surgery, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
5Department of Oral Surgery, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil

*Correspondance to: Daniela Franco Bueno 

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Cleft Lip and Palate (CL/P) is the most common congenital facial malformation. One of the surgeries that need to be performed to CL/P rehabilitation is the alveolar bone graft which has as one of its functions to allow the eruption of the canine tooth. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review on articles that showed the rate of impacting permanent canine tooth in the alveolar cleft area after the secondary bone grafting surgeries in patients with CL/P. An electronic search with Englishlanguage studies was undertaken in the following databases: Medline/PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. A total of 468 were selected and 119 were fully read and 35 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The articles analyzed showed that the impacted canine tooth rate in the alveolar bone grafted region is not frequently reported after the secondary alveolar bone graft and a very wide variation in the canine impaction rate, ranging from 0% to 93.75%. Due to the risk of bias in the studies included in this literature review we observed that there is insufficient evidence to relate the impact rate of permanent canines after the alveolar bone graft with the type of bone source used or with the achievement of orthodontic maxillary expansion prior to the secondary bone graft.


Marinho N, Leyendecker AJr, DeArruda AJA, Tanikawa DYS, Calasans-Maia M, Bueno DF. Impaction of Canine Tooth after Alveolar Bone Graft in Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate: A Systematic Review. Clin Surg. 2019; 4: 2415.

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