Clin Surg | Volume 2, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Outcome of External Genital Reconstruction after Female Genital Mutilation (FGM): A Pilot in Selected Patients in the Netherlands

Karim RB1* and Dekker JJML2

1Department of Plastic Surgery, Kliniek Amstelveen, Amstelveen, Netherlands
2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, VU Medical Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands

*Correspondance to: Karim RB 

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Abstract

Background: The demand for reconstruction of external genitalia after Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is increasing as a result of the empowerment of migrated and naturalized women from Africa and the Middle East. We present our procedures and the outcome of our selection and surgery.Patients and
Methods: From 2010 to 2015, 41 women presented with FGM. All underwent wellspecified patient selection before operation. Clitoroplasty according to Foldes was performed in selected patients. These patients were followed-up for 13.4 months and post-operatively assessed.Results: Sixteen of the 41 women (39%) were not operated because they had unrealistic expectation about the outcome of surgery (n=11) or had comorbidities that had to be dealt first (n=5). One woman chooses to have only her Bartholin cyst corrected after pre-opeartive consultation. Clitoroplasty was performed in the remaining 24 women. Post-operatively, we observed no major and only 3 minor post-operative complications. Nineteen of these 24 women were satisfied with the surgery and had a better self-esteem after surgery. Three of the remaining five women were lost for follow-up and two were disappointed with the surgical outcome.Conclusion: External genital reconstruction after well-specified preoperative selection leads too predictable results with minor surgical complications. A better self-esteem achieved by minor surgery should not be a contra-indication for reconstructing these women.

Keywords:

Reconstruction; Female genital mutilation; Clitoroplasty

Citation:

Karim RB, Dekker JJML. Outcome of External Genital Reconstruction after Female Genital Mutilation (FGM): A Pilot in Selected Patients in the Netherlands. Clin Surg. 2017; 2: 1483.

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