Al-juboori AN1*, Jubair IS2 and Abdullah KS2
1Department of Surgery, Al Wakra Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation and Weil Cornell Medicine, Qatar
2FICMS in medicine, Department of Medicine, AL-Fallujah Teaching Hospital, Iraq
Orthostatic hypotension is defined as a decrease in systolic blood pressure of 20 mm Hg or a decrease in diastolic blood pressure of 10 mm Hg within three minutes of standing when compared with blood pressure from the sitting or supine position. The purpose of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension with common factors which are affecting it. This cross sectional study was carried out in the outpatient's clinic in Zheen-private hospital in Erbil city during the period from March 2015 to March 2016, 600 patients including in this study, 306 males while 294 females, their age range between (25-80) years, 90 patients (15%) had orthostatic hypotension, and 42(7%) patients had history of DM or neurological diseases, seventy eight (78) (13%) had history of hypertension, ischemic heart diseases or others cardiac diseases, while 24 (4%) had history of antihypertensive drugs and others drug uses. Blood pressure of each patient was measured with standard mercury sphygmomanometer. The heart rate was counted for 30 second and measurement of blood pressure was taken after third minute of standing, the orthostatic hypotension is said to be present when there was a sustained drop in systolic (≥20 mmHg) or diastolic (≥10 mmHg). The prevalence of orthostatic hypotension was (15%) also prevalence rate peaked in old age, diabetes mellitus, and neurological diseases and in cardiac diseases especially ischemic heart disease.
Orthostatic hypotension, Diabetes mellitus, Prevalence, Age
Al-juboori AN, Jubair IS, Abdullah KS. Prevalence of Orthostatic Hypotension among Outpatient Clinic with Common Associated Factors in Zheen International Hospital in Erbil, Iraq. Clin Surg. 2016; 1: 1215.