Z Zia and H Hafez*
Department of Vascular & Endovascular Surgeon, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, KSAFulltext PDF
Testicular vein embolisation has become the first line therapy in treatment of varicocoele with good technical success and low complication rate. We report two cases of anatomical anomalies in which the left iliac vein was catheterised after selective catheterization of the left renal vein. This is a potential pitfall, which has not been previously reported. Reasons for catheterisation of the left iliac vein through the left renal vein are discussed and angiographic features to recognise and prevent potential left iliac embolisation are reviewed.
Zia Z, Hafez H. Inadvertent Left Common Iliac Vein Catheterisation during Left Varicocoele Embolisation - A Potential Pitfall. Clin Surg. 2016; 1: 1155.